Before proceeding with the research findings though, next I map out my methodological approach to this project. For promotional use only Just dropping a quick little verse of me singing over Lil Wayne's track "I'm Single" Let me know what you think, comment, like it, subscribe as I will be posting more videos soon! Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Acknowledging the nature of these exceptionally social animals raises particularly salient moral questions on the brutality of wild capture as forcible separation of families is an incredible source of stress, depression, and trauma Jensen, ; Sorenson, ; Zoocheck, Having established the primary objectives of this study, I now turn to the four research questions that serve as the entry points for my inquiry and analysis.
Marineland Niagara Falls Canada Commercial
Everyone loves marineland. As Rensberger argues, zoo animals in captivity cannot be viewed and understood in an honest sense; the very fact that the "dynamic equilibrium" of the animal's body and natural environment has been severed means that one can never experience a zoo 19 A 'stereotypy' refers to a repeated behaviour exhibited by an animal suffering from psychological illness or disturbance--not as a result of any natural proclivity, but typically exhibited in captive environments Malamud, 20 Since Canada has no laws regulating adequate standards of care for marine mammals in captivity, experts will often cite standards set by American Animal Welfare laws.
Marineland: Everyone Loves Marineland! - See traveler reviews, candid photos, and great deals for Niagara Falls, Canada, at Tripadvisor. Marineland: Not everyone loves Marineland - See traveler reviews, candid photos, and great deals for Niagara Falls, Canada, at Tripadvisor. Everyone Loves Marineland Theme song commercial so the story goesIt's amazing shows and Friendship CoveEveryone loves Marine LandYou'll be s. Everyone Hates Marineland. Parody song lyrics for the song Everyone Loves Marineland by Anonymous. A ride at MarineLand For as long as I can remember, MarineLand has had the jingle with “Everyone Loves MarineLand” in their commercial. It's effective, for sure.
MarineLand Park, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada - Marineland
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Everyone Loves MarineLand! Owner. John Holer (–); Holer Family Amusements (–present). Opened, I do not wish to be included in their "EVERYONE LOVES MARINELAND" jingle as I do not love Marineland nor do thousands of others. I find this offensive and.Everyone loves marineland Marineland's main advertising comes through a series of commercials with the jingle "Everyone Loves Marineland". Marineland has also used other slogans. Aquarium, amusement park, arcade, picnics, restaurant, zoo & more. Killer whales, Beluga whales, dolphin & marine mammal shows. Amusement park rides. and another: There's magic up on the mountain high. Niagara falls ontario. Even the commercial makes me sick! Everyone loves Marine Land. It. Is the commercial true? DOES everyone really love Marineland? Rochester-area readers weigh in on the Ontario, Canada theme park. MarineLand is located in. "Everyone loves marineland".. LOL Jk lets go Wonderland. likes · 1 talking about this. EVERYONE JOIN THIS FANPAGE!.
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Niagara Falls - Canada EVERYONE LOVES MARINELAND! - Weekly 33 · Software Used · Sign in to comment! · More by Dat T · Tags. Great everyone loves marineland slogan ideas inc list of the top sayings, phrases, taglines & names with picture examples.
There is a place in Ontario. Where all the fishes drink beer and eat cheerios. It's a wonderful place to get shot in the face. Everyone loves. The theme park's jingle, “Everyone loves Marineland ” was as familiar as a pop song, and inflatable whales with the Marineland logo were. Everyone loves marineland Archives · Niagara Fun Day 1: Everyone Loves Marineland. Our very first stop on Day 1 in Niagara Falls was Marineland! It was the girls' first. Everyone Loves Marineland Commercial. Lyrics: there's a place i know in ontario where the sea lions kiss, so story goes it's amazing shows and friendship cove. Christy mack teen Marineland: Now I know whey EVERYONE loves Marineland! - See traveler reviews, candid photos, and great deals for Niagara Falls, Canada. Everyone loves marineland. Unfortunately it Is always a fun place to go. G Cadd9 There's a place I know in Ontario Dsus4 Em7 Where the sealions kiss.
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Marineland founder and owner John Holer, whether he is delusional enough to believe that “everyone loves Marineland or not, at least has the. Everyone loves marineland
Niagara Fun Day 1: Everyone Loves Marineland | This Mom Loves
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Like and Share if you Agree! What Sleeping Position Are You? Comment, Like, and Share! Wow never noticed this till now! Like and Share! Whose been to Wonderland lately?
Summer is almost over D:. Hows your summer been so far? Still have questions? You'll be spinning, diving and … This page is about the various possible words that rhymes or sounds like MarineLand. Get your answers by asking now. Everyone loves marineland. Live Seafood Systems Details. OMG you know it's summertime when they start running the Marineland ad'sNow you know what you'll say when you leave here todayThen they killed his wife, then they turned on them No judge, no jury, no hangman, no justice in Ontario And the big bikes roared through the Great Northland You could swear you heard Jim Donnelly's ghost cry Then they killed his wife, then they turned on them No judge, no jury, no hangman, no justice in Ontario And the big bikes roared through the Great Northland You could swear you heard Jim Donnelly's ghost cry Still have questions?
A great big kiss. Here's the original Marineland theme from I will not be giving in to the hype that everyone loves marineland.
We also made a stop at Bear Country, where you can observe at a very close distance and feed the black bears hanging out at the park. You can feed deer at Deer Park, too! We found that a full afternoon was enough time to see everything we wanted to at Marineland, but if you have kids or adults who want to ride every ride, you may want to make a whole day of it.
Admission gates are open from — 6 and the park closes just before dark. Why, did you think of something? I explained to her that in a large — free! If that was the worst thing about the day, I think we did pretty well! The reason I have invested so much time over the past two weeks highlighting the Marineland issue is that I happen to believe that there is a strong correlation between the way we treat other creatures on this planet and the way we humans treat each other — just as one study after another conducted by the FBI in the United States and other bodies has shown that people with a history of abusing animals often go on to abuse other people.
I too have noticed the bombardment with the obnoxious commercials. I also know former employees who are investigating the possibility that they could be sued if they come forward before they speak out further. You might be interested in the fact that I was at the last domo at Marineland and that I have the pictures to prove it. I followed the Demonstrators into the Park and watched the as they chased the Parks patrons out of the stand. I witnessed the patience of the police trying to keep order.
Demonstrating in front of Marineland is enough to educate the public. Civil disobedience turns people off and defeats the message. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.
Niagara At Large. Skip to content. Posted on August 27, by dougdraper 9 Comments. A Commentary Doug Draper, Niagara At Large publisher This August may very well go down as the worst month Marineland has so far had in its year history — at least from a marketing point of view.The Globe and Mail
As several authors suggest though see: Acampora, ; Best, NDb; Jamieson, ; Laidlaw, ; Sorenson, , rather than receiving a truly beneficial and educational experience, the only thing many patrons will take from zoos with is a distorted sense of natural processes and a belief in the legitimacy of human domination over animals.
In other words, zoos perpetuate a form of "bad education". As previously discussed, animals in zoos represent a fraction of their true being since captivity deadens animals' natural sensibilities and behaviours, thus creating very damaged beings. As a result, what zoo goers learn from seeing imprisoned animals are the current and after-effects of solitary confinement, not their true nature Best, NDb.
Furthermore, zoos' attempts to augment captive displays and interactive animal shows with pieces of educational material in the form of small plaques and soundbites are not a clear priority Best, NDb. At Marineland for instance, Dr. Naomi Rose marine mammal scientist concludes that educational standards as enforced by the American Marine Mammal Protection Act are unfulfilled. In Zoocheck's report, she states: The dolphin show was almost devoid of biological information.
About three or four pieces of factual information were imparted e. Zoocheck, , p. It could further be argued that these tidbits of facts are mutually exclusive to the zoo structure which keeps animals captive; in other words, providing rich and comprehensive educational accounts of animals in the wild does not necessitate the accompaniment of a captive animal on display.
This function could better be served in places like museums rather than zoos that serve a primarily economic function of generating profits at the expense of animals' well- being Regan, Perhaps the most problematic form of "education" patrons attain from a visit to the zoo is that of legitimizing human supremacy over animals.
While zoos regularly claim that they provide an opportunity for people to engage in a meaningful and necessary interaction with animals as a way to foster compassion and respect for them, what people in particular children likely leave with is an ill-conceived sense of compassion and respect for these creatures since these institutions are entirely contradictory to a compassionate environment— rather one inherently built upon subordination, exploitation, and cruelty Sorenson, ; Malamud, As Michael W.
Fox observes: There can be no communion with our animal kin when they are held captive, no matter what their reasons may be for protective custody. The zoo is a trick mirror that can delude us into thinking we can love and respect animals and are helping to preserve them.
We cannot recognize or celebrate the sanctity and dignity of nonhuman life under such conditions. There can be no communion: only amusement, curiosity, amazement, and perhaps sympathy. Patrons of zoos have the ability to purchase time with animals' bodies for momentary21 viewing pleasure, and irrationally believe that not only do animals exist for our frivolous amusement, but that limiting their autonomy and freedom in these man-made enclosures is entirely defensible Jensen, ; Malamud, This is a disturbing and deeply speciesist belief reinforced by the zoo structure.
In critically dismantling this and other common justifications put forth by zoos and aquariums, it becomes more apparent what the motives behind such places are, which is to practice and make a marvel of human exploitation of the natural world. As Jensen claims: " With its moral quandaries clearly affirmed, next I explore the ways in which zoos and aquariums are inherently tied to notions of imperialism and domination. Imperialist Roots The first zoo made its appearance years ago in the ancient city of Ur located in the Mesopotamia region.
From the time of its inception centuries ago, zoos have historically been recognized as powerful symbols of imperial domination— the animals a representation of lesser and "othered" beings under the control of a human elite Best, NDb. This trend of dominionism by keeping visible "others" in menageries continued into the nineteenth century where not only animals but also certain humans deemed "animalistic"—racialized people such as the Hottentot Venus— were subjugated as a result of colonial ventures Best, NDb; Malamud, While we may frown upon the objectionable exhibitioning of human and non-human "freaks" of the past by bourgeois businessman like P.
Barnum , zoos today, premised on similar exploitative power relations, remarkably remain unscrutinized. This is an odd and disappointing 21 In his book, Jensen highlights a research study conducted at Regent's Park which demonstrated that zoo patrons, on average, spent a meager 46 seconds at each animal display.
In other words, human visitors hold a privileged position as a spectator, freely and autonomously gazing at the animals at will, while animals are denied privacy, natural surroundings, and of course the ability to escape such insufferable circumstances Malamud, Invoking a Foucauldian analysis, Malamud bridges a commonality between the prison and the zoo. Foucault maintained in Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison that the crux of the prison's purpose lies in "its very materiality as an instrument and vector of power" between dominant and subordinate humans as cited in Malamud, , p.
Likewise the zoo's primary function is to rationalize, even celebrate the uneven power relations between humans and animals that permeate our society. The zoo then is not only an abject display of human mastery over animals and nature, but also a site where "speciesist bigotry" and human apathy for nature is illuminated in profound ways Malamud, , p.
As Best NDb states: "When we stare through the bars at confined animals, at the hirsute commodities imprisoned for entertainment value, we peer into the face of our own alienation" The Berlin Wall of Species section, para. Here it is important to consider that zoos are just as much a commentary about us humans as it is as about the status of animals, and as the literature have voluminously suggested, captivity does not bode well for either of us.
This literary overview has attempted to illuminate the ethical consequences inherently associated with captivity. Recognizing this as a critical issue necessitating intervention, animal advocates are likely to consider the ways in which one ought to approach it successfully. In framing the central goals of this thesis, I initially outlined this simplistic binary in order to alert the reader to the most prominent theoretical and practical differences in each approach without immediately unpacking the more overly-complex nature of the debate.
Moving forward, though, it would be irresponsible to categorically demarcate these positions in such an austere manner; the complexities matter and ought to be unpacked with regards to meanings, motivations, and implications which vary considerably. With that said, here I intend to provide a comprehensive review and discussion of the nuances in the welfare versus rights debate through an examination of a variety of key figures' perspectives.
While I make a concerted attempt to be as inclusive as possible of the various streams of theoretical underpinnings guiding animal advocacy, I recognize this is not an exhaustive list as there will always be variations between and among categories, across people, and across time. Nevertheless, I maintain that these points of view largely dominate the discursive terrain in animal advocacy today, and illuminating and unpacking these ideological positions documented in existing literature aid in contextualizing how these perspectives resonate with fit my specific case study.
This kind of empathetic response is typically facilitated through our personal interactions with our own animal kin, such as companion animals like cats and dogs. We as a Western society have largely shifted away from a dominant sentiment of what Joan Dunayer calls "old speciesism", whereby animals' interests are completely disregarded from our moral consciousness, and are seen as deserving minimal or no consideration p. However, while "old speciesist philosophy" which explicitly discounts the value of animals has become less accepted in our more liberal and accepting24 society, mainstream advocacy for animals ironically follows an old speciesist logic p.
What Dunayer means here is that merely seeing animals as sentient beings does not necessarily translate into a dismissal of pervasive speciesism.
Speciesism is a complex mentality that operates in illusory ways, and is continually upheld as a normative belief system, ironically at times in concert with a supposed belief in a love for animals.
Because speciesism is such an embedded reflection of our "culture of prejudice", animals have been structurally categorized as the "other" and the conditions of their exploitation are part of what is naturalized as just and normal 22 Sentience refers to the possessing of subjectivity characterized by an ability to feel both pleasure and pain, and having interests in maximizing pleasure and minimizing pain Francione, In her book Speciesism, Dunayer discusses how "old speciesist advocacy" takes various forms.
These include: employing speciesist language in animal advocacy campaigns e. While I will discuss Dunayer's views on the pitfalls of welfarism at greater length in another section below, suffice it to say here that welfarism is arguably the most prominent form of animal advocacy today as it fits in nicely with a liberal view of balancing human and animal interests: i. This welfarist discourse, what I refer to as "traditional welfare", advances the belief that animal use in and of itself presents few to no problems with the addendum that "humane" measures are sanctioned and enforced as seen in cruelty statues like the Animal Welfare Act, the Humane Slaughter Act, and so on.
Many people in the general population maintain that animal suffering is an unavoidable reality that accompanies humans' consumption of them out of necessity. However, as Francione asserts, the vast majority, if not all of animal use is unnecessary, therefore their suffering is almost, if not entirely, unnecessary. In other words, consuming animals is seen as a rational choice we as humans have the ability of making with the qualification that we place value on the importance of animal welfare and justify our actions through "humane" rhetoric.
In addition to being the dominant position of the general population, several scholars also advance welfarist logic in their argumentation. This includes those who are vehemently anti- animal rights and defend ideas around human exceptionalism and anthropocentrism, such as Wesley J. Smith , as well as those who offer romanticized depictions of sustainable and compassionate consumption of animals through a return to pastoral, "organic" family farms and away from the corporatization exemplified in agribusiness, as seen in the works of Michael Pollan and Kathy Rudy Discursive Inconsistencies on Animal "Rights" and "Liberation" Given that the tenets of traditional welfare advocacy are hypocritical and contradictory to animals' interests in not suffering or being exploited, alternative avenues could be explored.
While noble in intent, the paradigm of rights is not monolithic and is often mischaracterized in everyday discourse, even by well-intentioned people.
In other words, rather than be understood as a singular vision in animal protection, animal rights embodies conflicting characterizations as a result of various constructions; as such, what it entails and how it can be achieved is regularly debated by its various proponents. Here and in the sections that follow, I analyze this discursive terrain by examining the central tenets of various animal studies scholars' perspectives on rights and place their arguments in conversation.
In this section more specifically, I seek to reveal some theoretical inconsistencies in regards to "rights" by scholars who arguably are not fighting for emancipation of all animals, but ironically a more "considerate subordination" of some or all animals. For instance, one of the most oft-cited figures in animal rights is Australian philosopher Peter Singer, specifically because of his influential text Animal Liberation.
While regularly upheld as the "father of the modern animal rights movement", Singer advances a utilitarian rather than a rights view, whereby animals may be used in certain situations if it maximizes the benefits humans may accrue on a larger scale whether that be the perceived28 gains from animals used in scientific research, to the palatable pleasures derived from animal products , and with the caveat that animals are treated "humanely" Francione, It is important to note though that Singer sees it as speciesist to grant human interests above those of animals based on an anthropocentric hierarchy, and as such argues that we ought to extend to animals "equal consideration" just as we would to humans Singer, , p.
While there are some important observations and arguments put forth by Singer in Animal Liberation especially for those who are new to the topic , it is irresponsible for him to use terms such as rights and liberation without rigorous consideration of the implications of what he is actually advocating i. Further, Singer's advocacy has become less radical over the years with his viewpoints gradually shifting away from his initial ethical proclivities by backing practices that are morally questionable Davis, For instance, as Francione points out, Singer characterizes himself as a "flexible vegan" p.
Similarly, Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson , another animal rights scholar, also oddly advances welfarist justifications in sections of his work The Face on Your Plate: The Truth About Food even as the majority of the time he appears to be fighting for animal rights. For instance, Masson's book is centrally premised on the case for the necessity of veganism over welfarism and "humane" justifications in regards to ethics and human health; yet, he contradicts himself in chapter two by stating that if people are going to consume animals, they ought to ensure that they come from places such as organic farms where animals are raised "humanely" p.
Masson also characterizes himself as "vegan-ish" rationalizing the consumption of animal secretions like milk products and eggs in certain cases for instance, to not appear rude at 29 This is a highly problematic justification as pain is subjective and cannot be measured nor experienced by anyone other than the subject.
It is a dubious rationalization usually promoted as a way to justify participation in wrongdoing. Of course, just because people's perceptions about the severity of animal suffering regarding animal products versus meat may be misguided, this does not change the reality for animals, making his rationalization weak.
When theorists and animal advocates such as these employ the language of rights within murky argumentation, and when they engage in these types of contradictory practices, it ultimately serves to weaken the credibility of the term, and leaves confused understandings of its core principles. Nevertheless, while Singer and Masson advance contradictory arguments, Tom Regan—a renowned American philosopher on animal ethics—offers a clearer point of view on what he deems to be appropriate criteria for animals to possess rights although the moral rationale behind it is debatable.
Regan maintains that some animals are "subjects-of-a-life" p. Regan sets forth particular criteria for animals to be deemed "subjects-of-a-life", particularly around their cognitive capacities over and above their sentient ones. As a result, only certain animals are to be justifiably thought of and advocated for as rights-holders based on some sort of anthropocentric yardstick Francione, The fact that Regan enforces a particular standard animals must hold in order to be free from the reign of human domination makes any claims to his advocacy for animal rights as a whole questionable as it neglects to confront and dismantle more fundamental issues around human exceptionalism and speciesism.
This critical summary complicates the notion that animal "rights" is objectively defined and universally understood, especially as those foundational scholars in the field seem to offer confused and problematic positions within this paradigm. With that said, we ought to proceed 30 Personhood is typically understood as a moral community with rights and legal liberties being extended only to humans as beings.
In order to grant animals' rights to equal protection under the law, some advocates argue that we need to extend the realm of personhood to include some animals. In order to provide more clarity on this topic, what follows is a summary of a more philosophically coherent and consistent approach to animal rights. The "Abolitionist Approach" Differing considerably from the more moderate positions of Masson, Regan, and Singer, animal rights abolitionism is an avant-garde philosophy strongly advocated by a particular sector of animal advocates.
Pioneered by activists including co-founder of The Vegan Society, Donald Watson, in , vegan abolitionism has been promoted and practiced for quite some time. More recently, influential theorists in the academy have taken up and advanced this notion in their argumentation, such as Joan Dunayer , Steven Best NDa and American legal scholar Gary Francione; in particular, Francione's ND "Abolitionist Approach". This philosophy has enhanced the nature of animal rights discourse to become more logically sound and morally consistent; what follows is a summary and reflection of its core tenets.
Francione ; argues that when we speak of the need for animal rights, fundamentally we ought to be fighting for liberating animals from their property status, which entails ownership by humans, and to be recognizing their sentience as the only relevant criteria for accessing those rights instead of anthropocentric standards like comparative intelligence propelled by theorists like Regan. According to Francione , the only way animal rights can be achieved is through a rejection of their property status and the complete abolition of animal products and participation in industries that exploit animals for profit.
In essence, he maintains that ethical veganism is the only moral baseline that is ideologically-consistent and practically effective for animal liberation from human exploitation. Where Francione regularly fails to give credit to the work by activists of anti-slavery abolitionism across many of his writings in his development of animal rights abolitionist philosophy, Best NDa offers an important historical recognition of the abolitionist movement of black slaves beginning in the eighteenth century.
Like animal abolitionists of today, anti- slavery abolitionists were unwilling to concede that a system of institutionalized enslavement could be reformed in ways that respect the dignity of subjugated "others".
As Best NDa notes: "Abolitionists viewed the institution of slavery as inherently evil, corrupt, and dehumanizing, such that no black person in bondage—however well-treated by their "masters"—could ever attain the full dignity, intelligence, and creativity of their humanity" The Roar of Abolitionism section, para. Best draws parallels between activists' calls for black people's liberation of the past31 and animals' liberation of the present based on moral principles of the complete eradication of exploitation and harm for humans and non-humans— not a "more kind" subordination which will always be grossly inadequate and stray from fundamental issues of justice.
Indeed, today's Western society is characterized as an era of "neo-racism" where people of colour experience subordination in both overt and subtle ways even though slavery has been outlawed in legal sense Rattansi, , p. For abolitionists, giving credence to reformist advocacy has been and continues to be seen as antithetical to progress.
Francione outright dismisses this reformist advocacy, referring to it as "new welfarism" p. It does this by enabling the general population to embrace what Francione , p. He also suggests that it sends contradictory messages to those interested in advocacy seen in his critique of "single-issue campaigns" and vegetarian32 advocacy , and that the animal movement claims victory when animal industries adhere to even weak welfare standards as seen in their partnerships with corporations like McDonald's see: Francione , While these claims are persuasive and worth considering, there is some resistance to Francione's assessment of new welfarism from other abolitionists and those who advocate incremental reform.
Animal Liberation and "New Abolitionism" In terms of its fundamental arguments, Best NDa tends to agree with Francione's critique of welfarist advocacy. However, he maintains that Francione's approach softens the critical nuances embedded within the debate which will be explored further in the next section. Furthermore, Best insists that Francione's advocacy is largely limited to his sole, albeit persuasive, rhetoric in favor of ethical veganism even while he continually acts "as a mouthpiece for the state" by demonizing direct action tactics that are in opposition to the law, but have been integral to the progress of historical emancipatory social movements Best, NDa, In Defense of Direct Action section, para.
These direct action tactics include: civil disobedience, open rescues of caged animals, violent33 militancy including property destruction, and so on. Best's advocacy for "new abolitionism" is a more critical approach to animal liberation than is Francione's, and as such I think a theoretical distinction can be made here in 32 Since vegetarianism presents significant moral issues including the exploitation and abuse of female animals' reproductive systems, Francione is highly concerned about legitimating vegetarian advocacy as an incremental step to veganism as a moral matter.
He likens its abhorrent practices with that of meat production, and even goes further by saying that "there is probably more suffering in a glass of milk than in a pound of steak" G. Francione, personal communication, ND. Some advocates mean imposing physical harm on those that harm and exploit others, but typically it is wrongly conflated with actions like property destruction that actually cause no harm but does inflict economic damage to institutions premised on inflicting harm like factory farms, fur farms, and vivisection laboratories.
Best NDa and Dominick embody anarchist approaches to abolishing human tyranny over animals; here, they advance harsh critiques of the state within a capitalist society which enables practices of speciesism, sexism, heterosexism, racism, ableism, and all other oppressive isms as central to its structure. Similar to the philosophy of social reformer Henry Salt and his Humanitarian League34 formed in , Best's advocacy for a "total liberation" paradigm Best, and Dominick's anarchist social revolution arguments uphold animal liberation as one component of a grander struggle against capitalist despotism.
In contrast, Francione's sole adherence to pacifist, non-violent animal advocacy extends from his desire to incorporate animals into the legal rights community, thus protection for animals would emerge from their legal, state-sanctioned recognition as rights-holders and not a rejection of the state as anarchists would claim Best, NDa. Undoubtedly the abolitionist view is a very provocative argument for ethical veganism and offers a morally- consistent theoretical approach in fighting for the well-being of animals, no compromises.
However, many scholars and other prominent animal advocates have alternative viewpoints on the rationality and feasibility of the Abolitionist Approach, which I address next.
The Abolitionist Approach as Absolutism? Certainly, its theoretical tenets are morally consistent with regards to pursuing a pathway to fight for the elimination of animal exploitation. However, vegan critics of Francione's Abolitionist Approach raise several valid points to consider for an alternative approach to achieving the abolitionist end.
In contrast to the speciesist understanding of traditional animal welfare—what Sztybel , p. Rather, prominent public figures who support incrementalist measures, including Matt Ball ND , Bruce Friedrich , and Norm Phelps have all maintained that their advocacy has been and remains oriented to an end- goal of ethical veganism, rather than an acceptance of some welfare initiatives that celebrate "happy meat" see: Francione, In taking a hardened position on the Abolitionist Approach as a rigid dogma only suitable within the realm of an academic ivory-tower, Phelps argues that animal advocacy needs a "two-track" strategy: that is, arguing for vegan principles through public education, while simultaneously pursuing feasible and practical strategies fit for helping animals from immense suffering in our current state of speciesist affairs , Conclusions section, para.
In essence, a "one-track" strategy that prioritizes moral principles above tangible actions is not only narrow in scope, but it also neglects to take animals' interests in not suffering in the present seriously Friedrich, ; Phelps, , The Debate section, para. As expressed by ecofeminist scholar and activist pattrice jones35 , what actions we as human allies choose to do or not to do on animals' behalf has tangible results for them being either better or worse.
She makes an important observation that animals have agency in expressing their misery within the institutions of oppression they have been designated to. This resistance is heard in their screams of writhing pain, and numerous documented attempts at escape Hribal, ; jones, As such, it is irresponsible and abjectly morally wrong to refuse to relieve circumstances of extreme suffering for animals within our capacity for the sake of maintaining loyalty to moral purity principles like abolitionism.
In her article, jones discusses at length the significant differences in the amount of physical suffering felt between animals raised36 in intense confinement i. Her examination is a worthwhile consideration for those who fundamentally oppose welfare reform on the whole. She makes a strong point on recognizing the importance of animal sentience, and the importance of making significant differences in minimizing harm where we can something that is often neglected when advocates get too enmeshed in abstract theory.
For instance, Francione regularly draws upon a striking comparison of human torture through padded waterboarding i. I think jones' analysis on this point offers a strong case that the significant differences in reducing physical suffering are possible through some types of animal welfare advocacy not just in offering padding to cramped cages for example , and thus are not equivalent to this example Francione provides.
Along with this theme of taking the interests of animals in the present situation seriously, scholar David Sztybel advances strong argumentation for welfare reform through his "best-caring ethics approach" p.
Here he states that when faced with imperfect scenarios for the poor state of animals' well-being that we cannot easily circumvent, activists always ought to choose what actions are best for them. To put this into perspective, Ball ND, Conclusions section, para. Would you ask that no one on the outside try to stop your torture because it has to be "freedom or nothing at all"? Would you believe that the worse treatment and the greater your suffering, the closer you would be to freedom? This analogy illustrates an alternative and worthy viewpoint for advocacy for animal victims as opposed to uncompromised adherence to moral perfectionism embodied in "one-track" abolitionism.
As important as seeking to bring about better treatment may be though, one should be wary to suggest that any and all strategies to bring about better treatment in the present are uniformly positive.
As jones argues, while we should not engage in blanket dismissal of welfare reform as a whole as abolitionists like Francione regularly do , we should be critical about what specific implications arise from particular types of welfare reform which can vary considerably some having the potential to promote sentiments of traditional "humane" welfarism among the general public, for example.
In my observations, there is merit in Francione's critique of animal advocacy aligning with industries like McDonald's to implement minimal welfare standards, and then celebrating these corporations as "saviors" for animals; but, this type of problematic welfare reform is very different from initiatives to ban battery cages and gestation crates on a legislative level especially as it is regularly accompanied with a vegan message in order to relieve animals of excess suffering in the present.
As jones maintains, welfare reform is not necessarily the unequivocal problem; it is only when we "sing the praises of 'cruelty-free' eggs" for example, that the general public draws confused conclusions on how we ought to treat animals , p.
In further consideration for the case for incremental advocacy, Sztybel argues it is conducive to eventually achieving abolitionism, not destructive. By "planting the seeds" of vegan ethics as evidenced by new economic research37, and seen with the rise in popularity of vegetarianism and veganism, especially in European countries where welfarism is more greatly 37 A recent study done by agricultural economists at Kansas State University found that "as a whole, media attention to animal welfare has significant, negative effects on US meat demand" Phelps, , para.
Indeed, a history of successful social movements shows that even in pursuit of ultimate wins, progress was fought and achieved through incremental degrees such as the anti-slavery movement, and the women's rights movement Ball, ND; Sztybel, In relation to current leftist struggles against capitalism, it would be absurd to dismiss efforts to improve living conditions for the working- class because of some unfounded anxiety that these efforts would somehow pacify a revolutionary, anti-capitalist sentiment Garner, Furthermore, while vegan education for the masses is certainly a necessity in order to understand and alleviate the root causes of suffering, Garner cautions advocates about the possibility that the "go vegan" campaign can backfire and be labeled as a dogmatic "moral crusade" , p.
Incremental welfare advocacy accompanied with a vegan message helps coalesce the general public into the movement rather than immediately scare them off with a hardened stance of moral purity Garner, What I have attempted to demonstrate here is that there is considerable nuance within what is casually dismissed as "new welfarism", and animal advocates ought to critically engage with its various arguments, motivations, and implications before dismissing it as inadequate and backwards.
Furthermore, the arguments espoused by incrementalist advocates here help illuminate the problems of essentialist, "black and white" thinking regularly put forth by abolitionist philosophy.
What follows is an alternative analysis that frames the discussion of this debate in a new way. While the complexities of abolitionism and incremental welfare reform have been illuminated through a critical examination of various influential perspectives, Joy maintains that framing this discussion on advocates' ideological leanings and strategies as inherently opposed is a counter-productive division, one that serves to perpetuate a false dichotomy between those fighting for ultimately the same goal: animal liberation.
Joy argues that as opposed to animal advocates trying to maintain an ideological gridlock between welfare and abolition, their time and energy would be better spent in trying to move past ideological rifts by creating dialogues of cooperation that see diversity of perspectives as a strength, not a weakness. Calling attention to the lack of mutual understanding and dialogue between welfare and abolition sides, jones similarly sees the debate as problematic—one which encourages a "groupthink" mentality as a result of having to "pick a side".
When animal advocates clench onto ideological positions as integral to their identity, they often amalgamate ideology with tactics refusing to make any compromises in fear that they may come across to others as hypocritical, inconsistent, and confused. Too much loyalty to a singular view helps enable a belief in the "Myth of the Great Divide" between different types of activists, when in actuality the differences are likely minor Joy, , The Myth of the Great Divide: United and Divided We Stand section, para.
As was pointed out in the previous section, many animal activists who advocate for incremental changes to an abolitionist end are somehow denied identification with the "abolitionist" label because animal advocates with more academic prestige like Francione have somehow managed to claim ownership on that term and what it actually means Phelps, Overall, Joy maintains that the effects of perpetuating ideological divisions between activists are potentially damaging to a burgeoning vegan movement by immobilizing any possibility for alliances.
The effect of this false perception that abolitionists and new welfarists occupy opposite ends of the ideological spectrum is of course to strengthen animal industries who rely on animal advocates using their time and energy to fight against each other rather than to fight corporations that exploit animals Phelps, As Will Potter states: "If your main form of "animal activism" is attacking other animal activists, then you are one of the animal abusers' best assets" personal communication, September 7, Indeed, this piece by Joy is a product of her own thoughtful consideration of an important theme in animal social movements— that is, what is the 'right' answer in the welfare versus abolition debate?
These informing literatures and accompanying critical assessments on the theoretical spectrum of animal advocacy provide insight into what is often understood as an overly-simplified dualism. Certainly, this assessment is useful in understanding the potential implications arising from various approaches in anti- Marineland animal advocacy, within the context of the entertainment sector. Related, what follows is a discussion on the tactics of and state responses to various animal advocacy social movements that emerge from these ideological approaches, and the linkages to other historical and contemporary progressive, leftist38 social struggles.
Here I explore the successes and roadblocks of a variety of human and non-human social movements, especially in a Canadian context. Certainly the nature of the position, whether moderate or radical, determines the strategies and tactics employed, each carrying their own political persuasions and implications. Looking at animal advocacy in Canada, Charlotte Montgomery's book Blood Relations: Animals, Humans, and Politics is an important contribution to the literature, especially since 38 While in this section I place animal advocacy movements in a discussion alongside historical and contemporary progressive, leftist movements, this is not to wholly assume that all animal advocacy movements or concern for animals exist purely on the left.
As a result, I have chosen to elaborate on this topic by framing the discussion around this text. In it, she compares and contrasts the terrain of active resistance to institutionalized animal abuse from grassroots social movements to national organizations.
Illuminating individual stories of select activists, and tracking the campaigns of various groups across Canada throughout the s and s, Montgomery discusses the outlooks and resultant tactics of animal welfare versus animal rights groups with a particular focus on their positioning on militancy and direct action. Moderate vs. Radical Aligning themselves with a moderate status-quo, facilities like local humane societies and not-for-profit agencies like the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals SPCA are what Montgomery calls "the pillars of the animal welfare community" p.
Because groups like these focus their energy on fighting for the interests of particular types39 of animals and rescuing them from situations of non-institutionalized abuse40, their advocacy does not represent a threat to the interests of most people who in some way or another benefit from large-scale, sanctioned animal exploitation.
Rather, groups like these are praised in their efforts to help some animals in an unobtrusive, and civilized manner by politely operating within the confines of the state and not overstepping their boundaries.
Groups like People for the Ethical 39 Humane societies and societies for the protection of cruelty to animals are typically concerned about animals deemed 'companions' or 'pets', like cats and dogs, and not "othered" animals used in agriculture or vivisection e. Of course, while international organizations like PETA are ridiculed by the mainstream for their radical message i. The "Green Scare" In her book, in part Montgomery thoroughly explores the motivations of these more radical factions of the animal right community, and the broader implications in terms of state repression in Canadian society.
Also, members of the ARM and JD represent a very small minority of the animal liberation community willing to engage in tactics that revolve around violence, at times through the influence of agents provocateurs.
This claim by CSIS is significant as it instills fear among the general population regarding the political goals and actions of animal advocates— equating their goals for liberation, justice, and acting in the interests of compassion as analogous to terrorists who threaten the use of violence directed at civilian populations Potter, Further, CSIS has sought to strategically disparage the goals and ideologies of animal activists in the eyes of the public as well as justify their surveillance of them by rhetorically encapsulating them under the umbrella of "extreme left-wingers" Montgomery, , p.
The importance of this case in the rise of "eco-terrorism" is thoroughly explored in the works of Lovitz and Potter Their mandate states that all precautions are made to ensure that no humans or animals are harmed in their direct action tactics like property destruction.
Certainly then, the ways in which animal advocacy is conducted and monitored today must be contextually situated within a particular political climate. The rhetoric of "violence" and "terrorism" in the case of animal rights is then a strategic tactic employed by the capitalist state to serve political means of protecting profits rather than representing an actual national security threat. Indeed, while a number of hate groups who are deliberately violent exist such as Neo-Nazis, white supremacists, and some right-wing fundamentalists such as anti-abortionists , these domestic threats are not taken as seriously as the supposed "threat" imposed by "eco-terrorists" at destroying the profit-margins of animal-abusing capitalists.
As Montgomery suggests, there is a general assumption among Canadians that our political processes and public policy will reflect the interests of its citizens who effectively campaign through legal avenues. However, it is important to recognize that the motivations for militant direct action arise from an understanding of the state as violent, a desire to make a strong statement to structures premised on the infliction of violence to innocents, and a recognition that 'polite' activism through peaceful reformism can only return small gains for animals in the scope of ubiquitous and grandiose oppression they experience every day.
As was expressed by the Western Wildlife Unit of the U. Animal Liberation Front in their Memories of Freedom booklet: Some people within the animal rights and environmental movements believe that to achieve our goals we must present our ideas in such a way as to appeal to mainstream society, that with public support we can legislate change and influence our political representatives to see us not as a threat, but as harbingers of a new age.
So to the apologists of the animal rights and environmental organizations who are quick to denounce the defense of the earth and animals to preserve their position and favor by our enemies we say, we are warriors, nothing more, nothing less. The ALF leaves the path of moderation to those who sincerely believe that is the road to victory. Without illegal action on the path in pursuit of liberty and justice, many of this century's greatest social changes would never have been achieved.
Montgomery, , p. This has the potential to create tensions that may serve to weaken the strength of the cause as a whole. For instance, Liz White of Animal Alliance of Canada has publicly criticized illegal activism as detrimental to the cause preferring instead a "non-violent and passive" approach by limiting the group's scope of advocacy to political lobbying and educational outreach rather than even participating in legal, peaceful demonstrations Montgomery, , p.
Similarly, Freeman Wicklund, founder of the radical animal liberation magazine No Compromise, has changed his views on direct action strategies; since then he claims that these strategies are counterproductive to winning much-needed public support and now advocates a "Gandhian style of non-violence" in the fight for animal liberation Montgomery, , p. Similarly, Animal Alliance Board Member, Barry Kent MacKay, has also rebuked illegal direct action for supposedly perpetuating the terrorist label the animal movement so actively seeks to separate itself from, and goes on to erroneously claim that "illegal activities make the animal movement no better than those it attacks" Montgomery, , p.
Stating a more moderate critique on the rationality of militant actions, Rob Laidlaw of Zoocheck claims that incremental advocacy through legal pathways has the capacity to change the social consciousness of society to a more progressive world for animals.
He says: "If you demand the world be changed Moreover, former ALF prisoner Rod Coronado spoke recently about the current state of radical animal liberation movements, seeking to distance himself from the militant actions that defined his activism in the past.
In an interview with the EarthFirst! We have to evolve and recognize that there are strong forces out there that want to treat us like criminals rather than harbingers of social change.
So in that way, I can't say what the state of radical movements is like because I don't consider myself radical anymore, nor am I up on their progress. I hear about infighting, the debate on issues that distract us from being a broader more public movement that focuses on solidarity building issues with people we too often call the enemy.
I'm just trying to share with new generations of activists out there what I've learned and help them realize the cost-benefit analysis of doing actions that won't lead them to prison. Coronado, personal communication, February 26, This excerpt demonstrates the willingness of some activists, like Coronado, to move beyond attempts at movement division, even if their views and strategies differ. Learning from Past Struggles By publicly rejecting the radical tactics of clandestine grassroots movements like the ALF and ARM, moderate animal rights advocates like the ones mentioned above are using their platform to not only distance themselves from radical tactics they may not personally advocate for, but also to regularly belittle the legitimacy of these types of tactics, and thus, those types of activists.
In his book How Nonviolence Protects the State, Peter Gelderloos draws upon his own perspectives as a community organizer and radical activist to map a critical framework of nonviolent pacifist "resistance", demonstrating that it is not only strategically ineffective, but also racist, patriarchal, and statist. He charts a thorough historical mapping of several social movements, demonstrating that even some of the most widely-celebrated and successful "peace" movements of the past actually had important radical elements of militant resistance that are often neglected or deliberately manipulated in historical accounts.
Some of these include: India's Independence movement from British colonialism, the U. S civil rights movement, the protests against the Vietnam war, and so on. As a result, Gelderloos argues that it is irresponsible for political dissidents today to uphold historical examples of pacifism as superior to direct action and violent militancy. Not only does it often reflects inaccurate accounts, but, more importantly, it tacitly upholds a statist system of oppression characterized by white supremacy, patriarchy, and capitalism under the guise that it has lead to meaningful change towards liberation.
Thus, critically reflecting on the nuances of these ideological debates and how it has translated into on-the-ground action across movements in the past ought to pave the way for progress to be made in the future. These themes of moderate versus radical ideologies, and reformist versus militant tactics and strategies explored here will be of central importance in examining the following case study of anti-Marineland resistance.
Before proceeding with the research findings though, next I map out my methodological approach to this project. The prospect of completing my own research was certainly an exciting yet daunting thought.
Even with general research interests established early on, informal discussions with my peers confirmed uncertain feelings I had; narrowing a focus into one particular topic that interested me and that provided me an opportunity to provide relevant, new insights into uncharted research territory proved unnerving.
However, reflecting on my social location, I quickly overcame these initial jitters and realized I was in a privileged position. Being an active member in a socially-conscious, justice-oriented community gave me insider perspectives and knowledge on issues I am passionate about and value bringing to the forefront; it then became obvious that I ought to design a research study that reflects what I am familiar with, what I want to know more about, indeed, that "begin[s] where [I am]" Esterberg, , p.
Initially I assumed that my research design in regards to topic formulation, participant recruitment and categorical headings of participants' ideologies would fall in sync with my a-priori assumptions; of course, research is a process not just a tangible result, and I had things to learn.
Rejecting the traditionally-upheld doctrine that positivist research based on the scientific method, empiricism, and "neutral" objectivity constitutes the only true and valid research paradigm, qualitative social research emphasizes a more comprehensive approach to understanding social phenomena— one that recognizes that knowledge is complex and multifaceted with subjective and interpretivist meanings Kvale, This is accomplished through the telling of detailed narratives of a select group of people who are oftentimes disenfranchised on the margins of society, and allowing for their active and democratic participation in the production of knowledge Esterberg, As I had a personal interest in exploring in-depth a specific case of individuals' experiences and ideologies within a niche area of concern in order to understand and scrutinize dense theoretical debates in animal advocacy, my research project idea was certainly within the realm of critical qualitative research, and more specifically qualitative action research Esterberg, ; May, ; Mills, The aims and objectives are fervently moral and political— to not only better understand complex and contrasting opinions, but also to frame the nuanced perspectives endemic to the anti- Marineland social movement as a potential tool that can be utilized by the community of people who fight for animal emancipation.
Certainly, this could be a great asset to this community in times of struggle and resistance to the ubiquity of captive animal oppression. It logically followed that my research methods reflected the connections I brought to the study Esterberg, Having already been an active member in the anti-Marineland social movement seen today, I decided to undertake an ethnographic research approach through participation in and observation of the people and events at Marineland demonstrations in the opening season.
Embarking on participant observation through field research constitutes more than just immersing oneself in the community under study. Rather, it is a process of actively constructing meaning and interpretations of the community through the researcher's own lens Esterberg, Demonstrations are the main way anti-Marineland activists mobilize, and thus involvement in them are an appropriate way to examine the lived experiences of activists. Since one cannot know everything within the field, what I chose to focus on at the demonstrations reflected my own personal convictions of what I deemed worthy of highlighting49 as relevant to understanding the experiences and goals of this community.
Participating in on-the-ground activism and seeing what events transpired at demonstrations was vital in contextualizing the terrain under which Marineland animal advocacy took place. Of course, while immersion and active observation was certainly important, I deemed this method supplementary to my main research method which was in-depth semi-structured interviews of Marineland animal advocates. As well, I attached some of my own personal photographs from when I visited Marineland as a child in order to showcase my own journey from patron to activist see Appendix 3.
While I gave consideration to this suggestion, going forth with the semi- structured interview method was more appropriate and advantageous in this project for a few reasons. First, through my years of informal encounters with various animal activists in the Niagara region, I have heard a wide variety of opinions on various highly-contested and emotional topics on issues around animals. Certainly a discussion here on these opinions that account for the all the nuances of people's complex rationales and at times contradictory attitudes on animals would be nearly impossible.
Having engaged people in dialogues around animals, however, has made me aware of the general hesitancy for animal advocates to discuss various things openly with others unless there is some level of trust and rapport.
There appears to be a general air of anxiety among even seemingly ideologically-homogenous animal advocates, including, a fear of being judged for not being pure in their advocacy, an uneasiness in not completely understanding the issue especially in regards to intersectional politics , and tensions regarding appropriate actions and tactics that will accommodate people's convictions.
Having an intuitive understanding of these general fears that are abound in the animal advocacy community, I realize it is hard to talk about controversial topics in the company of others whether they be friends or strangers.
In-depth semi-structured interviews with a researcher who was also invested in this struggle offered my participants that possibility to relay the complexity of their outlooks in a comfortable setting.
Further, in the interview process I made a concerted effort to not only listen to the answers my participants provided, but also to engage them in a meaningful discussion where we could learn from each other premised on mutual feelings of trust and understanding.
As Kvale suggests, interviews are not just a one-way dissemination of knowledge, but instead precisely translates to an "inter view, an inter change of views between two persons conversing about a common theme" p. Recognizing this, it becomes clear then why focus groups were not a fitting tool for data collection for this particular project. An updated version of the friendship cove theme used in where lyrics are changed from " it's something new to fun do a what touch you".
A classic updated version for marineland canada. Lyricz: there's a place i know in ontario where the sealions kiss, so story goes it's amazing shows and friendship cove everyone loves marine land you'll There's a place i know in ontario where the sealions kiss, so story goes it's amazing shows and friendship cove everyone loves marine land you'll. This is their more general commercial not focusing on the arctic cove or sky screamer.
Everyone Loves Marineland Commercial Lyrics: there's a place i know in ontario where the sea lions kiss, so story goes it's amazing shows and friendship cove everyone loves marineland you'll New Marineland Commercial Play Download.
Marineland Commercial Play Download. Marineland Commercial Marineland of canada commercial.
Suzie McNeil distances herself from 'Everyone loves Marineland' jingle | Toronto Sun
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Marineland of Canada
Sky Screamer, a triple tower ride, opened in It is feet 91 m high, situated on a foot-tall 46 m hill, making the total height of the ride feet m. Ascending riders experience 4Gs while descending riders experience a -2Gs.
The park has fifteen other rides. The children's rides are clustered in an area to the south of the main gate. Another ride, the "Topple Tower" circular gondola ride opened in but closed in for required repairs. It never re-opened. The most recently added ride is the "Ocean Odyssey" ride added in the children's area in The company "voluntarily and temporarily" withdrew from CAZA in May , stating it was expanding the area for animals and "will be continuing to work with CAZA to ensure that the expansion is successfully harmonized with CAZA principles".
The park was founded by John Holer , a Slovenian immigrant who had worked in circuses in Europe. Holer and a partner bought a portion of the Harry Oakes estate near the falls. The park opened in as "Marine Wonderland and Animal Farm". Holer welded two large steel tanks together and brought in three sea lions and charged one quarter for admission and another to feed the animals.
The attraction also featured an underwater show featuring two female swimmers. In , a trained sea lion "Jeff" escaped from Marine Wonderland and made it to the Niagara River and went over the falls. The seal was recaptured by Holer a few days later in Queenston , where it was found sunning itself with teenager Tommy Haines, who was given the reward.
In , Holer added two dolphins, along with a few other animals and the attraction became known as "Marineland And Game Farm". By , a 2,seat "aqua theatre" was completed along with a "grotto" of aquariums and shops.
The grotto in the new Aquarium Dome contained eight tanks used to display fresh-water fish. The park became a popular family attraction and recorded an annual attendance of , for the season. In , the park added alligators.
Neighbouring attraction "Niagara Falls Indian Village" closed down after the season and Marineland purchased their property. In , Marineland added orcas. In , the aquarium purchased "Kandy", a 4, pounds 1, kg female orca captured off Vancouver Island in to mate with Kandu, but she died later that year. Kandu lived until and was replaced by "Nootka", captured and brought to the park in Nootka lived until By , the park kept over 1, animals and claimed to be Niagara Falls' "most popular attraction after the falls.
In , Marineland became involved in a controversy over another orca captured off Vancouver Island. The capture of 'Kanduke' by the Sealand of the Pacific aquarium of Victoria, British Columbia for purchase by Marineland was blocked by the Government of British Columbia , at the instigation of Greenpeace activists.
Claimed to be property by the BC government and resources by the Government of Canada , the orca eventually was transported to Marineland after it was determined that orcas were a resource under the control of the Canadian government.
The incident led to the ending of the capture of orcas in British Columbia waters. Construction began on a new 15, seat stadium and pool for killer whales. Marineland purchased two locomotives for a steam train railroad. The " Dragon Mountain " roller coaster opened in along with other rides. Keiko started performing for the public and developed skin lesions indicative of poor health. Keiko was the star of the movie Free Willy in After a time at the Oregon Coast Aquarium , early to late Keiko was returned to a sea pen in Iceland in and was released to the ocean in July He swam to Norway, eventually settling in the Taknes fjord in November , where he was not catching fish and had little contact with wild Orcas; until his death, Keiko was fed daily by the Keiko Project group.
Keiko died of pneumonia in December In , an unidentified trainer was taken to the hospital after he fell off the park's male killer whale, Kandu 7 and was dragged by his leg around the pool during a trick. In , Marineland added walruses to the marine mammals it kept. The first walrus was "Sonja", from the Moscow Zoo. It was joined by "Zeus" and "Apollo" two months later and "Pandora", "Buttercup" and "Buddy" in Marineland added "Smooshy" and "Azul" in Sonja died in , Zeus died in In , Marineland opened the "Arctic Cove" beluga whale exhibit.
Beluga whales were held in Friendship Cove from May 30, , until the opening of Arctic Cove in late Belugas returned to Friendship Cove in December following the importation of eight individuals and have held belugas since. Upon the recent opening season, several belugas were switched between Arctic Cove and Friendship Cove.
In , Marineland opened the "Sky Screamer" triple tower ride. In , Marineland bought the Green Oaks Mobile Home Park across the street from the park with plans to relocate maintenance buildings to the site.
In , Marineland evicted 47 families that were tenants at the park. The tenants appealed to the Ontario Landlord and Tenant Board, lost their case and were ordered off the property by March One tenant committed suicide while others continued to fight Marineland but had to leave in Holer died on June 23, , aged He was praised as an "immigrant success story" by Senator Don Plett Manitoba.
Holer had been seriously ill for five months and died at his home on Chippewa Parkway. Holer was survived by his wife Marie and son Peter. Another son, John Mark Jr.
The Mayor of Niagara Falls, Jim Diodati , sees Marineland at a "crossroads" with three options: to continue the current business model, to sell its 1, acres of land to real estate developers or to become an amusement park without animals. Diodati favours the latter option. Marineland's lawyer Andrew Burns said that there would be no immediate changes to the business. At the time of his death, Holer was working on a new aviary attraction for Marineland. According to testimony before a Senate of Canada committee in May , the acres 40 ha expansion was described as being one of the largest expansions Marineland has ever made.
Holer himself described the overall park as only "half-developed. A Toronto newspaper published an article Wednesday in which former Marineland employees express concern about what they consider staffing shortages and poor water quality at the park, as well as the deteriorating health of the animals. Marineland started trending on Twitter with people tweeting celebrity animal-rights activists, such as Ricky Gervais, Pamela Anderson and Ellen DeGeneres, to have them chime in on the issue.
Phillip Demers, who quit as a Marineland trainer in May after 12 years, said the poor conditions and a lack of response from park owner John Holer prompted him to quit — and subsequently break a non-disclosure agreement by speaking out. Marineland denies the allegations and says the park's animals are well taken care of. The park says the animals alleged to have become sick because of poor water conditions were simply suffering from the effects of old age. The allegations have resulted in some calling for the year-old facility to be shut down, while some provincial politicians want the government to investigate the claims.
Accreditation agencies and other groups responsible for making sure privately owned animals are properly cared for have recently inspected Marineland and gave it a passing grade. Demers said while it's nice to see people taking to social media to express their views, it will take more to enact real change.
Continue to make noise and stay passionate because the answers will come," he said. Meanwhile, Marineland Animal Defense plans to protest at the tourist attraction Saturday afternoon. The rally, one of about 12 the animal-rights group holds at Marineland every year, was planned before the recent controversy. As someone who has battled cancer in the past I take my bucket list very seriously.
Now id love to see this horrific animal slaveyard shut down completely. So disgusted by the abuse these beautiful innocent creatures suffer through DAILY NO creature should be confined in too small spaces, NO creature should have to perform to be fed or left to fall sick and die like so many of your walrus's and NO animal; especially the ones that NEED to be with others, should be forced into seclusion and isolation.
This establishment is horrible and myself and my friends decided to spend our time in Niagara in better persuits. I will make sure no one of my VAST acquaintance will frequent this dispicable place where animals go to die.
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Marineland of Canada | Ficreation | Fandom
The most recently added ride is the "Ocean Odyssey" ride added in the children's area in The company "voluntarily and temporarily" withdrew from CAZA in May , stating it was expanding the area for animals and "will be continuing to work with CAZA to ensure that the expansion is successfully harmonized with CAZA principles".
The park was founded by John Holer , a Slovenian immigrant who had worked in circuses in Europe. Holer and a partner bought a portion of the Harry Oakes estate near the falls. The park opened in as "Marine Wonderland and Animal Farm".
Holer welded two large steel tanks together and brought in three sea lions and charged one quarter for admission and another to feed the animals. The attraction also featured an underwater show featuring two female swimmers. In , a trained sea lion "Jeff" escaped from Marine Wonderland and made it to the Niagara River and went over the falls.
The seal was recaptured by Holer a few days later in Queenston , where it was found sunning itself with teenager Tommy Haines, who was given the reward. In , Holer added two dolphins, along with a few other animals and the attraction became known as "Marineland And Game Farm". By , a 2,seat "aqua theatre" was completed along with a "grotto" of aquariums and shops.
The grotto in the new Aquarium Dome contained eight tanks used to display fresh-water fish. The park became a popular family attraction and recorded an annual attendance of , for the season.
In , the park added alligators. Neighbouring attraction "Niagara Falls Indian Village" closed down after the season and Marineland purchased their property. In , Marineland added orcas. In , the aquarium purchased "Kandy", a 4, pounds 1, kg female orca captured off Vancouver Island in to mate with Kandu, but she died later that year.
Kandu lived until and was replaced by "Nootka", captured and brought to the park in Nootka lived until By , the park kept over 1, animals and claimed to be Niagara Falls' "most popular attraction after the falls. In , Marineland became involved in a controversy over another orca captured off Vancouver Island.
The capture of 'Kanduke' by the Sealand of the Pacific aquarium of Victoria, British Columbia for purchase by Marineland was blocked by the Government of British Columbia , at the instigation of Greenpeace activists.
Claimed to be property by the BC government and resources by the Government of Canada , the orca eventually was transported to Marineland after it was determined that orcas were a resource under the control of the Canadian government. The incident led to the ending of the capture of orcas in British Columbia waters. Construction began on a new 15, seat stadium and pool for killer whales. Marineland purchased two locomotives for a steam train railroad. The " Dragon Mountain " roller coaster opened in along with other rides.
Keiko started performing for the public and developed skin lesions indicative of poor health. Keiko was the star of the movie Free Willy in After a time at the Oregon Coast Aquarium , early to late Keiko was returned to a sea pen in Iceland in and was released to the ocean in July He swam to Norway, eventually settling in the Taknes fjord in November , where he was not catching fish and had little contact with wild Orcas; until his death, Keiko was fed daily by the Keiko Project group.
Keiko died of pneumonia in December In , an unidentified trainer was taken to the hospital after he fell off the park's male killer whale, Kandu 7 and was dragged by his leg around the pool during a trick.
In , Marineland added walruses to the marine mammals it kept. The first walrus was "Sonja", from the Moscow Zoo. It was joined by "Zeus" and "Apollo" two months later and "Pandora", "Buttercup" and "Buddy" in Marineland added "Smooshy" and "Azul" in Sonja died in , Zeus died in In , Marineland opened the "Arctic Cove" beluga whale exhibit. Beluga whales were held in Friendship Cove from May 30, , until the opening of Arctic Cove in late Belugas returned to Friendship Cove in December following the importation of eight individuals and have held belugas since.
Upon the recent opening season, several belugas were switched between Arctic Cove and Friendship Cove. In , Marineland opened the "Sky Screamer" triple tower ride. In , Marineland bought the Green Oaks Mobile Home Park across the street from the park with plans to relocate maintenance buildings to the site. In , Marineland evicted 47 families that were tenants at the park. The tenants appealed to the Ontario Landlord and Tenant Board, lost their case and were ordered off the property by March One tenant committed suicide while others continued to fight Marineland but had to leave in Holer died on June 23, , aged He was praised as an "immigrant success story" by Senator Don Plett Manitoba.
Holer had been seriously ill for five months and died at his home on Chippewa Parkway. Holer was survived by his wife Marie and son Peter.
Another son, John Mark Jr. The Mayor of Niagara Falls, Jim Diodati , sees Marineland at a "crossroads" with three options: to continue the current business model, to sell its 1, acres of land to real estate developers or to become an amusement park without animals.
Diodati favours the latter option. Marineland's lawyer Andrew Burns said that there would be no immediate changes to the business. At the time of his death, Holer was working on a new aviary attraction for Marineland. According to testimony before a Senate of Canada committee in May , the acres 40 ha expansion was described as being one of the largest expansions Marineland has ever made.
Holer himself described the overall park as only "half-developed. On opening day in May , two deer died in a stampede in the deer enclosure, which was reopened for the season. According to Marineland, a father and son caused the stampede, laughed at staff, and refused to leave the enclosure, then slipped away while staff quieted the animals.
Marineland closed the deer enclosure afterwards until modifications are implemented to prevent a future stampede. In June , Marineland signed a ten-year partnership agreement with the Mystic Aquarium 's Sea Research Foundation in the research of belugas. Since , the park has been the subject of several allegations of poor conditions for its animals by former employees and animal activists have protested outside its gates on several occasions.
The OSPCA filed some charges against the park in late and early , but all of the charges were withdrawn by government prosecutors later that year. Marineland has repeatedly stated publicly that the allegations are the work of disgruntled former employees, who have teamed up with activists wholly opposed to the keeping of animals in captivity and organizations which "seem to financially benefit from any resulting downturn in public opinion towards park operations".
Marineland has further maintained that they make every effort to ensure the animals in their care are well provided for. The park employs many people who care for the animals day-to-day, as well as an experienced and qualified veterinary staff.
Although it is a private facility, Marineland must comply with federal and provincial regulations, as well as comply with several animal welfare enforcement agencies, including regular and "snap" inspections. Marineland has filed nine lawsuits against activists, former employees and the media, and a further lawsuit against the OSPCA for malicious prosecution and reputational damage.
In , the Government of Ontario banned the practice of breeding and keeping orcas in captivity, while allowing the existing one to remain at Marineland. As a result of this law, Marineland's orca lives in captive social isolation, a situation which Marineland opposes.
In , articles were published by the Toronto Star alleging animal mistreatment, resulting in negative publicity. The Star reported that the OSPCA issued orders to Marineland to improve the water conditions for animals at the park and address specific issues with other animals and that Marineland complied.
Marineland and its owner John Holer were involved in many controversies throughout the park's history. Animal rights activists have picketed regularly outside the park property for several years and continue to protest as of In , the U. Department of Fisheries seized six bottlenose dolphins that had been illegally caught by John Holer in the Gulf of Mexico. Seven months later, she sold the plot to Marineland. Holer stated she acted as a trustee and was accompanied by Thomson.
In the s, Greenpeace was the first activist group to raise concerns about keeping killer whales in captivity. It objected to the keeping in principle, although it stated that Marineland was one of the better facilities. The level of concern grew in the s.
In , a protest was held outside the park by Ric O'Barry , the trainer of " Flipper " of the television series. The protesters alleged that Marineland separated mother and child killer whales too quickly and four other whales were stored in unsuitable facilities. In September , SeaWorld won a court battle with Marineland over the fate of "Ikaika", a killer whale.
Ikaika had been originally loaned to Marineland under the terms of a breeding loan agreement between the two organizations, but SeaWorld decided to terminate the agreement due to concerns about Ikaika's mental and physical well-being due to deteriorating conditions at the park. He had been an employee of Marineland for 12 years and had been noted for his close relationship with Smooshy.
Demers made public his concerns about Marineland and has been sued by Marineland. In Demers' version of accounts, Smooshy was moved from Marineland's barn to the Aquarium, where Demers said she deteriorated because of problems with the water.
Smooshy was returned to the barn but problems returned. He asked for more walrus trainers, but his request was denied. By , he had had responsibilities for hiring and training employees taken away, and he chose to resign. He continues to speak out about Marineland. According to Marineland, Demers was intending to star in a reality show as a "walrus whisperer" that was rejected by Marineland, had no management responsibilities and was not qualified to comment on marine mammal health.
Marineland also alleges that Demers took drugs himself that were allocated for marine mammals. Marineland is taking legal action against Demers. On August 15, , the Toronto Star published an article on Demers' account, alleging that many sea mammals at Marineland live in inhumane conditions and suffer from a variety of illnesses caused by problems with water quality and chronic understaffing.
Suzie McNeil, whose voice can be heard telling viewers "everyone loves Marineland," said she was "very shocked and saddened" to read concerns about animals suffering neglect and illness at the theme park.
She said Marineland owns and has the right to continue using the recording, "despite my feelings. A Toronto newspaper published an article Wednesday in which former Marineland employees express concern about what they consider staffing shortages and poor water quality at the park, as well as the deteriorating health of the animals.
Marineland started trending on Twitter with people tweeting celebrity animal-rights activists, such as Ricky Gervais, Pamela Anderson and Ellen DeGeneres, to have them chime in on the issue. Phillip Demers, who quit as a Marineland trainer in May after 12 years, said the poor conditions and a lack of response from park owner John Holer prompted him to quit — and subsequently break a non-disclosure agreement by speaking out.
Marineland denies the allegations and says the park's animals are well taken care of. The park says the animals alleged to have become sick because of poor water conditions were simply suffering from the effects of old age. The allegations have resulted in some calling for the year-old facility to be shut down, while some provincial politicians want the government to investigate the claims.
Accreditation agencies and other groups responsible for making sure privately owned animals are properly cared for have recently inspected Marineland and gave it a passing grade. Demers said while it's nice to see people taking to social media to express their views, it will take more to enact real change. Continue to make noise and stay passionate because the answers will come," he said. Meanwhile, Marineland Animal Defense plans to protest at the tourist attraction Saturday afternoon.
The rally, one of about 12 the animal-rights group holds at Marineland every year, was planned before the recent controversy. Spokesman Dylan Powell said the protests usually attract between 15 and people. With the negative publicity now surrounding Marineland, Powell expects there to be a record turnout. A welcome email is on its way. If you don't see it, please check your junk folder.
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As the groundswell of criticism grows about alleged animal mistreatment at Marineland, the entertainer known for singing the attraction's catchy jingle is speaking out. Suzie McNeil, whose voice can be heard telling viewers "everyone loves Marineland," said she was "very shocked and saddened" to read concerns about animals suffering neglect and illness at the theme park.
She said Marineland owns and has the right to continue using the recording, "despite my feelings. A Toronto newspaper published an article Wednesday in which former Marineland employees express concern about what they consider staffing shortages and poor water quality at the park, as well as the deteriorating health of the animals.
Marineland started trending on Twitter with people tweeting celebrity animal-rights activists, such as Ricky Gervais, Pamela Anderson and Ellen DeGeneres, to have them chime in on the issue. Phillip Demers, who quit as a Marineland trainer in May after 12 years, said the poor conditions and a lack of response from park owner John Holer prompted him to quit — and subsequently break a non-disclosure agreement by speaking out. Marineland denies the allegations and says the park's animals are well taken care of.
The park says the animals alleged to have become sick because of poor water conditions were simply suffering from the effects of old age. The allegations have resulted in some calling for the year-old facility to be shut down, while some provincial politicians want the government to investigate the claims.
Accreditation agencies and other groups responsible for making sure privately owned animals are properly cared for have recently inspected Marineland and gave it a passing grade.
Demers said while it's nice to see people taking to social Everyone loves marineland to express their views, it will take more to enact real change. Continue to make noise and stay passionate because the answers will come," he said. Meanwhile, Marineland Animal Defense plans to protest at the tourist attraction Saturday afternoon.
The rally, one of about 12 the animal-rights Everyone loves marineland holds at Marineland every year, was planned before the recent controversy. Spokesman Dylan Powell said the protests usually attract between 15 and people.
Main Menu Search torontosun. It will take a lot more than that," Demers said. He encourages people to contact those in a position of power, including government officials.
MarineLand Park, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada - Marineland
Cool 2. The controversies led to Suzie McNeilsinger of the park's jingle "Everyone Loves Marineland" to ask the park to no longer use her recording. The maintenance in areas is poor and you see lots of overgrowth, moss on buildings and countless other signs of age and Everyone loves marineland. This Week in Flyers. Belugas returned to Friendship Cove in December following the importation of eight individuals and have held belugas since.